Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Wednesday, April 14, 2010
Today we are going to talk about the vowel a.
The patterns that it has and the sounds it makes. (Note: the "_" means that there is a consonant there.)
Here are the patterns
a_ (can) a_e (bake) ai (paid) ay (hay)
ar (car) all (call) aw (saw)
The sounds that "a" makes, well there are a few. The basic two sounds are the short and then the long sound. The short "a" says its sound while the long "a" says its name.
Example: short "a" as in a_ cat ran cap back
but make the same sound ai rain wait tail train
sounds are all ball all tall hall
Great learning to you and your kids.
Tuesday, April 13, 2010
I guess before we really get into the sounds that the vowels make I would like to give you all the sounds that are in the English language.
You may think that there really are more sounds than these but this is really all that there are.
Take the g, it makes a hard and soft sound; /g/ and /j/. This is every sound that there is.
So here goes.
|Consonants Sounds||Vowel Sounds|
# 11 on the vowel side is an upside down "e". It is called a schwa. I could not find it within Microsoft. (that is why it is blank.) I will keep looking for it. sorry.
Great learning to you
Monday, April 12, 2010
Friday, April 9, 2010
There are words in the English language that just can't be sounded out to say them right (well ok some you can), but we all need to learn to read them by sight. These words are called sight words. These words we just have to learn to recognize them when we are reading and know what they are, hence Sight Words.
Here are some of the first words that really need to be known by sight.
a are who
and be have
look came out
These my be repeats but are High Frequency Words. Which are the same as sight words.
High Frequency meaning that they will come across these words a lot when they read, so they really need to know them.
it on is red or to
and for no so mom in
with dog not like not said
love will my we dad big
by was do look here
There are many sight words but here is the most common ones that are learned or need to be learned.
Great Learning to you
Wednesday, April 7, 2010
The English language is probably the hardest language to learn. Why is that, well it breaks its own rules way to many times. Then it just has rule after rule. Where as many other languages has a rule and they stick to it.
Take our vowels, they each have a sound that they make. A has a short sound-- a --as in cat, hat, pat. Then it has a long sound-- ā -- as in day, fate, bake. Like when a word has an a followed by an consonant then an e (vcv=vowel consonant vowel), it changes the vowel sound. In any of the vowels this happens
Then when an-- r -- is right after an vowel it changes the sound of the vowel as well. Our language is truly amazing and hard to learn, but we all have done it, and I bet some of us have learned some of the rules and we didn't even know that it was a rule, or a rule breaking another rule. Yes you are truly amazing learners.
So for the nest month I want to go over some of the rules that dictate how our lovely language is read and spoken. And yes there will be more than what I share and help teach, but what I want to share it some hints and helps that will help you help your child with their school work, and over all improve their reading ability.
Here is a little hint. Short vowels say their sound, but long vowels say their name.
Short a --cap, tack, van
Long ā -- fade, take, baby
Great learning to you.
Monday, April 5, 2010
Here is an activity that you can use to help your child develop their Phonemic Awareness better. The grade level is k-1st; this would work for older students that struggle as well.
This is called Martian Man. You will need a puppet to help you out with this, because the puppet speaks (stretching out the words) and your child will translate what the "Martian Man" said. If you don't have a puppet a simple one made out of a small paper bag will work.
1st you need to introduce the puppet to your child and tell them that he/she speaks a different language but that they will be able to speak the language soon.
2nd the "Martian Man will say words that are exaggerated and stretched out. For example: Man—the Martian Man will say
Make sure that the sounds that the letters make are really pronounced well.
Your child will then quickly say the word, man. This will show that your children know the sounds and able to blend them together. This activity may be done in school, and that is ok because the more reinforcement your child gets the better.
Remember to use smaller words at first and words that your child knows. Words that have 2-3 sounds are great words to start with.
Here is a list of some simple words that you can use.
Man can cab dog cat sat ran up at had van car jar fat mad ball hall drag
Friday, April 2, 2010
The biggest thing that I, as a parent and teacher, think is most important in reading is knowing the sounds that each of the letters make. And yes it can get very confusing at times. But there are a few simple rules that can make it easier. So here are some of the letter sound and rules that govern them.
Short a, e, i, o, u All have their basic sounds
Short a --
Yes there are some other rules like ou, oo, aw, ow , bossy "r" and others but I want to leave those to another time.
The thing that has helped my son a lot, with his reading ability, is having little words like the ones above on flash cards and having him go through them. I had him just start out with 4 different groups each vowel has at least 4 of its own groups. Once he has mastered that group then grab a new one and start incorporating it into the circulation. These first group of words needs to be rhyming words, it really does make a difference.
Here is a couple groups from each short vowel.
-at: cat, mat, sat, pat, rat, flat, hat
-an: man, can, van, ran, fan, pan, plan, tan
-it: hit, sit, fit, pit, kit, bit
-ig: big, fig, wig, dig, pig, twig
-ot: hot, pot, lot, not, got, dot, spot
-op: top, pop, cop, hop, mop, stop, drop, chop
-et: pet, net, set, met, wet, let, jet
-ed: red, led, bed, fed, shed, sled
-ut: cut, nut, but, hut, shut
-ug: bug, hug, dug, rug, jug, slug, mug, plug
I hope this helps with your child with getting better at reading. This is not the first step that you need to take. Learning the letters and sounds is first. But once they know the names and sounds of letters this will help a lot.